Australian Treaties Library
Hosted by the Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII) which aims to provide free internet access to Australasian legal materials, the Australian Treaties Library contains some useful historical documents, particularly in relation to the obligations and responsibilities of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
Families and Friends of the First AIF
Founded by Dr John Laffin the FFFAIF is a non profit-making charitable organization which is dedicated to supporting research into the Great War of 1914-1918 and preserving the memory of those Australians who served in the conflict.
Campaigners for War Grave Commemorations
This organization is dedicated to identifying and commemorating those missing from Commonwealth War Grave Commission registers. It works to correct database errors, factual inaccuracies and omissions and where possible attempts to resolve the issue of misidentified graves. Of course, the task of amending flawed records of the CWGC is ongoing.
Western Front Association
Formed in 1980 by noted military historian John Giles to encourage interest in World War One, the Western Front Association is a very well organized site designed to educate future generations about The Great War as well as promote the study of those who served in France and Flanders during 1914-1918. The Association's website is well resourced, user friendly and worth a visit by anybody interested in learning about (or remembering) the battlefields of the Western Front. Membership is by subscription.
Australian War Memorial
Commemorates the sacrifice of Australians in war and includes online databases such as the Roll of Honour, Commemorative Roll which records the names of those who died while members of the Allied Forces, the Merchant Navy, etc as well as official war histories, military units, military organization and structure and importantly insofar as this subject is concerned, the Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau files.
Imperial War Museum
Partially government funded and deserving of sponsorship, the Imperial War Museum is a world renowned institution which covers the involvement of Britain and the Commonwealth in major conflicts, including the First World War and it is receptive to handling public inquiries with respect to its collections.
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
National Archives of Australia
Australian Defence Force Academy
Having toured the Western Front and earned a Master of Arts (Hons) degree in 1999 from the Australian Defence Force Academy in Canberra after submitting a thesis titled 'The Interplay between Technology, Tactics and Organization in the First AIF', Ross Mallett is deserving of praise as this is probably the most comprehensive and detailed site in this country devoted to the Formations, Branches and Order of Battle of the First AIF which departed Australia. Mallett's thesis is available for reading as are biographies of the Generals and Campaigns of the First AIF, together with some advice on how to research relatives.
Association pour le Souvenir de la Bataille de Fromelles (ASBF)
In 1990 the Association pour le Souvenir de la Bataille de Fromelles (A.S.B.F. 1914-1918) created a museum in the town hall at Fromelles which exhibits many of the artefacts found on the old battlefield. The Association has been busy since its inception, liaising with the official French archaeological department and relevant legal authorities, and undertaking digs on the Western Front where there are still many underground relics and complexes awaiting discovery.
Commonwealth Office of Australian War Graves
Scholarly and Reference Papers
Australian Treaty Series 1918 No. 2-Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Canberra:
Agreement between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and France respecting British War Graves in France (Paris, 26 November 1918) Entry into force [UK/France]: 26 November 1918, Applied to Australian war graves in French Territory.
Australian Treaty Series 1951 No. 19-Department of External Affairs, Canberra:
Agreement between the Governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, India and Pakistan, and the Government of the French Republic regarding British Commonwealth War Graves in French Territory (Paris, 31 October 1951) Entry into force for Australia and generally: 31 October 1951.
Australian War Graves Photographic Archive
Committed to digitally photographing Australian war graves and memorials, this website aims to increase the accessibility of information and images in the virtual realm for heritage purposes and posterity.
Battlefield Archaeology - A Guide To The Archaeology of Conflict
Prepared by T. L. Sutherland from the Department of Archaeological Sciences at the University of Bradford and produced under the auspices of the British Archaeological Jobs Resource (BAJR), the Guide discusses the identification of heritage sites of conflict, the need to benchmark scientific methods of evaluation and the importance of using a multidisciplinary array of techniques to support archaeological digs like those required on First World War battlefields. Considered a significant reference by members of the Fromelles Discussion Group, the Guide looks at the efficacy of undertaking geophysical surveys on historic battlefields, refers to artefact identification and battlefield signature and also looks at the importance of creating the right circumstances for optimizing the recovery of skeletal remains. Particularly where there has already been a loss of integrity and specialists in osteology might be required to separate bone material from intermixed individuals as is likely to be the case with the missing of Fromelles.
Australians on the Western Front 1914-1918: An Australian journey across the First World War battlefields of France and Belgium
Produced collaboratively by the Department of Veteran Affairs and the Board of Studies NSW, Australians on the Western Front 1914-1918 as a web site is worth a second look, as it provides insights into the historic battlefields of the Western Front and is well designed pictorially. Australians on the Western Front 1914-1918 provides a virtual tour of the battlefields where Australians fought including Fromelles 19-20 July 1916, guides and maps depicting important military cemeteries and an extensive bibliography to support further research.
Fromelles and the Australian Imperial Force (Australian National Archives)
Forging The ANZACs
Award winning film makers Alan and Norma Young won the American Motion Picture Society's International Film and Video Festival award for the Best Documentary and Best Edited film in 1992. Designed to promote their latest venture, a three hour nine part film to celebrate the 90th Anniversary of the 1918 Armistice, this website is dedicated to telling "The Untold Story". That is, to debunk the mythology surrounding Gallipoli and to show Australian achievements on the Western Front during the Great War in context.
IN MEMORy by Pierre Vandervelden
Visiting Commonwealth War Cemeteries,Communal Cemeteries & Churchyards in Belgium & France.
Site devoted to commemorating the thousands of Allied soldiers who fought so bravely on the Western Front to defend the ideal of freedom during World War 1 and World War 2, which currently contains statistics and data on over 2,240 Commonwealth war, communal and churchyard cemeteries in Belgium and France; an interesting library of regiment emblems and a SEARCH function to aid the researcher, genealogist or family historian.
Website of the author of The Spirit of Kokoda and more recently the best-selling history of Fromelles, which has been described as one of the great unsolved mysteries of WWI. Lindsay is a journalist and former television presenter and is well known to Australian audiences as a keynote speaker on such subjects as leadership and the values and ideals of ANZAC.
Fromelles: a deadly feint in the 1916 Somme Campaign
Digger History is an excellent unofficial source of information on the military history of Australia and New Zealand, covering a broad range of subjects including various Colonial Units, the First World War, the Graveyards and Battlefields of Gallipoli, Anzacs of WW2, the Campaign in Greece, the RAAF, the RAN, the WAAAF, Coastal Command, Korea, NATO, et cetera as well as Military Badges & Insignia, Uniforms, Colour Patches, histories of the First AIF and specific battle details.
www.diggerhistory.info/pages-battles/ww1/france/fromelles.htm and www.diggerhistory.info/pages-battles/ww1/france/somme-1916.htm
Disaster at Fromelles (Australian War Memorial)
Around 160 Diggers 'buried at Fromelles' (The Age - June 2007)
The forgotten fallen (SMH - June 2002)
CIAOPS World Guides- WWI Australian Battlefields
Created by the Computer Information Agency this web site is privately funded, has links to Google Earth, offers courses relating to World War I Australian battlefields and has relevance to the discussion on Fromelles in that it contains information on the background to the Western Front and maps detailing the German advance of 1914 in the Introduction, and under the heading 1916 provides a chronology of events and several maps relating to the Battle of Fromelles, including the location of the Sugar Loaf and the main battlefield.
Battle of Fromelles on Answers.com
Answers.com - Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus & Dictionary
Founded in 1999, Answers Corporation through its advertising-supported, free website Answers.com, is an advanced information source for business, health, travel, technology, science, entertainment, arts, history and a multitude of other subjects, including content from brand-name publishers, editorial and community-contributed articles from Wikipedia. The Wikipedia article on the Battle of Fromelles is well presented and resourced, detailing both the forces involved in the action, its objectives and aftermath, while having links to noted Australian military historian Ross McMullin and journalist Mark Day, as well as advanced Google map imaging of the area concerned.
maplandia.com: google maps world gazetteer
21st-century technology by maplandia.com-goggle maps world gazetteer has incredible functionality and allows one to access Google Satellite Site Maps, including a detailed map of Fromelles. Fromelles Map-Satellite Image records the location of the township, its geographical co-ordinates and allows the exploration of the First World War battlefield through aerial photography. Using the 'Zoom In', 'Zoom Out' & Direction Keys Pheasant Wood, VC Corner (Australian) Cemetery and Memorial Park among others, can be clearly discerned. The latter is situated at the center of the Fromelles battlefield and, as has already been indicated, the web site which is powered by Google, is a wonderful research tool.
'Australians on the Western Front' and 'The Battle of Fromelles' hosted by La France en Australia: Ambassade et Consulat general
The French Embassy and Consulate-General in Australia website currently carries background on 'Australians on the Western Front' and 'The Battle of Fromelles' among other items. There is background on 'The Battle of Hamel', 'Australian Corps Memorial Park', 'Fromelles Park' and 'The Battle of Amiens', etc.
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